The DISCUSSION FORUM is open access. http://foodandjustice2016.weaconferences.net/papers/
The purpose of the WEA Conference Food and Justice is to enhance a debate that could stimulate the articulation of various aspects of the relationship between food and justice. Although the scope and intensity of these challenges vary according to the economic situation of countries, the debate has been global. Current food challenges involve issues ranging from food access to national and international regulation.
Food production has always been present in the economic debate because of the concern about population growth and demographic changes. In spite of the Malthusian concern, new methods of food production have emerged which allowed the increase in food supply. Technological changes, however, have not occurred uniformly throughout the world. Indeed, some countries have managed to expand their production and trade surpluses while situations of hunger remained a reality in many parts of the world.
In addition to technological factors in food production, other political and economic issues are involved in the access to food. In the 21st century, the scenario of changes in food production means that even with a larger supply of food, many people, mainly the poor ones, still live in a situation of starvation. In addition to the challenges in food access, other relevant issue is food waste. Actually, a large percentage of the world food production is lost throughout the different stages of production, transportation, processing and consumption. Indeed, among the current concerns, there is the need to search for actions that can reduce the food losses that could face the situation of hunger of millions of people.
The agriculture and food industries are part of the list of “global” sectors. Indeed, a global network of institutions supplies the worldwide food markets. In this scenario, one of the major outcomes of the expansion of the global supply chain is the changing role of the local farm sector under the pressure of international competition. Contract farming and integrated supply chains are deeply transforming the structure of the agriculture and food industries. Besides, the advance of the biotech revolution and the introduction of genetically improved varieties have also fostered structural changes in the global industry. These systemic changes are linked to financial and trade flows largely driven by the search for wider markets and less expensive sources of raw material.
This process of globalization of capital in food production arises other problems related to the growth of investments in big projects led by investment funds and transnational companies that purchase land in various parts of the world in order to increase global production. In truth, these investments often expose small farmers to a situation of hunger and food insecurity by expelling them from the land where they live.
We invite you to send your comments to the posted papers. Join the discussion !
Fast and integrated revision of agricultural risk management in Brazil
Diet Risks in Resource Rich Countries
Putting Social Justice First: The Case of Islamic Economics
The democratisation of access to land in Brazil between 2003-2015
Public procurement of family farming in Brazil
Food Sovereignty: A Strategy for Environmental Justice
What is Good to Eat? The Big Question of our Times
Technical Efficiency Analysis of Pineapple Production in the Eastern Region of Ghana: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Approach
Cassava price volatility: evidence from Ghana
Land use conflict among vegetable farmers in Denu: Determinants, Causes and Consequences
Sustainable rural development index